Teeth Care

How to Prevent Dental Caries

What is Dental Caries?

Dental caries (also referred to as tooth decay or cavities) is one of the most common and widespread persistent diseases today. Good to note, it is also one of the most preventable. When you eat certain foods, the bacteria on your teeth break them down and produce acids that have the ability to seriously damage the hard tissues of your tooth. The result is the formation of dental caries (cavities).

Prevention of Dental Caries

Despite the impact tooth decay can have on your teeth if left unattended, dental caries or cavities are largely preventable with a great oral hygiene regimen! This includes regular dental checkups in order to identify pre-existing conditions before they lead to more serious issues down the road. The earlier a dental professional can spot the signs of poor oral hygiene, such as a buildup of plaque, the better your chances of preventing dental caries and gum problems from ever occurring in the first place.

Brushing your teeth twice a day for at least two minutes using a fluoride rinse, paste, or gel. Flossing regularly after brushing especially if you’re frequently eating or drinking sugary foods or drinks. Certain foods high in sugar can provide a consistent supply of damaging acid to the tooth hard tissues. Flossing once or twice a day can help you remove food particles from between the hard-to-reach areas of your teeth you might be missing.

Treatments of Dental Caries

Professionally, there are four main ways to deal with dental caries. These treatments carried out by a dental professional can help treat damage incurred from dental caries.


Fillings are the most common form of treatment for the disease. A dental professional drill into the affected area(s) of the teeth, removes the decayed material inside the prepared cavity and packs this empty space with an appropriate dental filling material. There are different types of filling materials that can be used, depending on the area where caries has occurred. Composite resin, the most common filling material in the developed world, has a great pallet of colour which dentists can use to repair caries damage to teeth that are visible when you smile. In the case of back teeth, some dentists prefer using other dental filling materials which are stronger.


Crowns are another option for dental professionals when treating dental caries, and are only used when a large proportion of the tooth is destroyed by the disease. When tooth decay leads to the need for large fillings, the tooth becomes more prone to cracks and ultimately breaking. The dentist would attempt to salvage the remaining tooth, repair it, and finally fit the tooth with an alloy or porcelain crown covering.

Root Canal:

Another method of treatment, a dental professional may employ is called a root canal. As tooth decay progresses through the enamel and settles in the centre of the tooth, it may even advance further and damage the nerves, which are in the root. A dental professional would remove the damaged or dead nerve with the surrounding blood vessel tissue (pulp) and fill the area. The procedure usually ends with the dentist placing a crown over the affected area.


In some cases, the tooth may be damaged beyond repair and must be extracted if there is a risk of infection spreading to the jaw bone. The removal of some teeth may affect the alignment of those left in the mouth, so it is recommended that a partial denture, bridge, or implant be inserted in those edentulous areas

Dental Health

Tips To Deal With Bad Breath

Some people are convinced they have bad breath when their breath is completely neutral. Others have terrible breath and don’t know it. It can be hard to smell your own breath, let alone judging its odour.

Causes of Bad Breath

Bad breath typically originates in the mouth, where bacteria are ever-present. When you eat, bits of food get caught in your teeth. Bacteria grow on these bits of food, releasing foul-smelling sulfur compounds. The most common cause of bad breath is poor dental hygiene. If you don’t brush and floss often, the bacteria in your mouth continue to grow, and a thin film of bacteria known as plaque builds up on your teeth. When plaque isn’t brushed away at least twice per day, it produces a foul odour and leads to another smelly process, tooth decay.

It’s easy to improve your breath and keep your teeth and gums healthy at the same time. Try these simple steps to make your mouth feel fresh and clean.

  1. Brush and floss more often

    Plaque, the sticky buildup on your teeth, collects bacteria that cause bad breath. Trapped food also adds to the problem. Brush your teeth at least two times each day, and floss at least once. If you’re concerned about your breath, do both a little more often. Don’t overdo things, though. If you brush too hard you can wear down your teeth, making them vulnerable to decay.

  2. Rinse your mouth out

    Besides freshening your breath, a mouthwash adds extra protection by getting rid of bacteria. A fresh minty taste can make you feel good. But be sure the mouthwash you choose kills the germs that cause bad breath. Don’t just cover up the smell. Rinse daily with a good mouthwash and stop bad breath at its source.
    You can also help your breath if you swish your mouth with plain water after you eat. It can get rid of food particles that get stuck in your teeth.

  3. Scrape your tongue

    The coating that normally forms on your tongue can be a host for smelly bacteria. To get rid of them, gently brush your tongue with your toothbrush. If your brush is too big to comfortably reach the back of your tongue, try a scraper. “They’re designed specifically to apply even pressure across the surface of the tongue area. This removes bacteria, food debris, and dead cells that brushing alone can’t take care of,” says hygienist Pamela L. Quinones, past president of the American Dental Hygienists’ Association.

  4. Avoid foods that sour your breath

    Onions and garlic are big offenders. But brushing after you eat them doesn’t help. The substances that cause their bad smells make their way into your bloodstream and travel to your lungs, where you breathe them out, says dentist Richard Price, DMD, a spokesperson for the American Dental Association. The best way to stop the problem? Don’t eat them, or at least avoid them before you go to work or see friends.

  5. Kick the tobacco habit

    Besides causing cancer, smoking can damage your gums, stain your teeth, and give you bad breath. Over-the-counter nicotine patches can help tame the urge. If you need a little help, make an appointment with your doctor to talk about quit-smoking programs or prescription medications that can help you give up tobacco for good.

  6. Keep your gums healthy

    Gum disease causes bad breath. Bacteria gather in pockets at the base of teeth, which creates an odour. If you have gum disease, your dentist may suggest you see a periodontist, who specializes in treating it.

  7. Moisten your mouth

    You can get tooth decay and bad breath if you don’t make enough saliva. If your mouth is dry, drink plenty of water during the day. Chew sugarless gum or suck on sugar-free hard candy. Also, try a humidifier at night to moisten the air in your house.

  8. See your doctor

If your bad breath continues despite your best efforts, make an appointment with your dentist. We are able to check and see if your problems are related to a medical condition.

Paediatric Dental

Oral Hygiene Tips for Your Child

Your child’s well-being is your biggest concern and their oral hygiene is an important part of their overall health. The care of your child’s teeth and gums begins with you – – you can set them on the right path for a lifetime of excellent oral hygiene.

As kids grow up, their oral hygiene habits should grow with them. Kids have all their baby teeth by the age of 3. These are called primary teeth. Baby teeth start falling out around age 6; that’s when the permanent, or adult, teeth start coming in. Gaps between baby teeth are normal. They make room for the permanent teeth. Most permanent teeth come in by age 13.

Establishing the best Oral Hygiene routine for children

Here are some tips to help keep your child’s teeth healthy and strong starting at age 3:

  • Use a pea-sized amount of fluoride toothpaste and make sure your child spits it out after brushing
  • Be sure your child brushes for at least 2 minutes twice a day
  • Start flossing as soon as teeth touch, or even earlier to help build good habits.
  • Help your child brush and floss, and remind him or her to pay attention to the back teeth.
  • Visit the dentist every 6 months.

Oral Hygiene for pre-teens

As children grow older and more of their permanent teeth come in, a rigorous daily dental hygiene routine is crucial to keeping teeth and gums healthy. However, it can be difficult to keep preteens interested in oral care.

Try these tips to keep your child on track:

  • As preteens become more conscious of their appearance, it can be helpful to remind them that good oral care can help them look and feel better.
  • Remind your child to brush twice a day with a fluoride toothpaste for a full two minutes which not only fights cavities and strengthens teeth, but also gives older kids the confidence of having fresh breath. A power toothbrush might make brushing more fun for preteens.
  • Flossing is extremely important at this point as most permanent teeth have erupted and cleaning between them will help prevent cavities and keep their mouth fresh.
  • Encourage children who play sports to wear a mouth guard to protect their teeth from injuries.
  • Make sure kids who wear braces use a power brush and floss very thoroughly to avoid white spots on teeth when braces come off.
Open chat
Hello 👋
How can we serve you today?